Objective: This study aimend to explore the appropriate transformation path of regulatory power for food safety "social co-governance". Methods: The state of "social co-governance" mode of food safety was analyzed and the possible secondary risks of "decentralization" of regulatory authority were analyzed, so as to explain the rational transformation of regulatory authority. Results: The blind decentralization of regulatory power will cause the policy risks of governance loss and disorder, leading to greater food safety accidents. Conclusion: It is necessary to make clear the transformation of "strict supervision to refinement and flexibility", adhere to the transformation of "basic rights of social co-governance" and "actively cultivate and stimulate the governance rationality of multiple subjects".

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