The latent class model was used to study the special group of children who lacked food nutrition, the left behind children, and the effects were also studied, including the food nutritional status and the individuals genetic and the food and nutrition intake, mothers care, and basic medical and health services. Through research and analysis, two groups of children who were left behind were identified, the food nutrition malnutrition and the food nutrition condition good, and the proportion of malnourished children was higher with 69.4%. In the Two groups of left behind children, the main difference lies in the mother care, the food and nutrition intake, and basic medical and health services, rather than individual genetic factors. The results can be used to improve the left behind childrens food nutritional status and provides reliable theoretical basis.

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