The changes of growth phase and quality indicators during different growth stages of chayote were measured and analyzed. The results indicated that the growth curve of chayote showed single sigmoid pattern and the trends of quality indicators were different with fruit development dynamics. Respiration rate decreased rapidly with fruit development and respiration peak appeared at maturity; the contents of Vc, chlorophyll and hydrolysis amino acids were higher during the young fruit development, then decreased to a low level; while cellulose content and hardness showed the opposite trends. The fruit had fully grown with higher content of amino acids, lower respiratory rate and better quality and storability on the 10th d after flowering when was the optimal harvest period.

Publication Date


First Page


Last Page





[1] 张福平, 张喜春. 佛手瓜多酚氧化酶酶学特性研究[J]. 食品科学, 2010, 31(1): 161~164.
[2] Cadena-I Iguez J, Arévalo-Galarza L, Ruiz-Posadas L M, et al. Quality evaluation and influence of 1-MCP on Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. fruit during postharvest[J]. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 2006, 40(2): 170~176.
[3] 黄建伟. 佛手瓜高产栽培技术[J]. 安徽农学通报, 2013, 19(14): 57~58.
[4] 张奇志, 邓欢英, 林丹琼, 等. 佛手瓜果实的营养保健成分研究[J]. 中国食物与营养, 2007(7): 45~47.
[5] Ordoňez A A L, Gomez J D, Vattuone M A, et al. Antioxidant activities of Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz extracts[J]. Food Chemistry, 2006, 97(3): 452~458.
[6] 叶陈亮, 黄碧琦. 佛手瓜果实的生长进程及生理生化变化[J]. 福建农学院学报, 1993, 22(3): 356~360.
[7] 王晶英. 植物生理生化实验技术与原理[M]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学出版社, 2003: 16~18.
[8] 曹建康. 果蔬采后生理生化实验指导[M]. 北京: 中国轻工业, 2007: 32~48.
[9] 李合生. 现代植物生理学[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2006: 31~40.
[10] Ashino H, Shimamura M, Nakajima H, et al. Novel function of ascorbic acid as an angiostatic factor[J]. Angiogenesis, 2003, 6(4): 259~269.
[11] 常尚连, 于贤昌, 于喜艳. 西瓜果实发育过程中糖分积累与相关酶活性的变化[J]. 西北农业学报, 2006, 15(3): 138~141.
[12] 王平荣, 张帆涛, 高家旭, 等. 高等植物叶绿素生物合成的研究进展[J]. 西北植物学报, 2009, 29(3): 629~636.
[13] 赵丽芹, 张子德. 园艺产品贮藏加工学[M]. 北京: 中国轻工业出版社, 2014: 14~16.
[14] 蒋滢. 氨基酸的应用[M]. 北京: 世界图书出版公司, 1996: 17~21.
[15] 王彬. 火龙果果实发育规律及果实品质分析[D]. 长沙: 湖南农业大学, 2008.
[16] Zhang Yan-zi, Li Peng-min, Cheng Lai-liang. Developmental changes of carbohydrates, organic acids, amino acids, andphenolic compounds in ‘Honeycrisp’ apple flesh[J]. Food Chemistry, 2010, 123: 1 013~1 018.
[17] 师江, 刘兴勇. 基于营养成分的变化确定油茶最佳采摘期[J]. 食品与机械, 2014, 30(1): 71~74.
[18] Somkuwar R G, Bahetwar A, Khan I,et al. Changes in growth, photosynthetic activities,biochemical parameters and amino acid profile of Thompson Seedless grapes (Vitis viniferaL.)[J]. Journal of Envi, 2014, 35(6): 1 157~1 163.
[19] Kalac P, Krausová P. A review of dietary polyamines: Formation, implications for growth and health and occurrence in foods[J]. Food Chemistry, 2005, 90(1~2): 219~230.
[20] Li Wei-qin, Hu Qing-ping, Xu Jian-guo. Changes in physicochemical characteristics and free amino acidsof hawthorn(Crataegus pinnatida) fruits during maturation[J]. Food Chemistry, 2015, 175: 50~56.
[21] 姚芳, 夏文水. 不同生长期仙人掌的营养及生理活性成分分析[J]. 食品与机械, 2006, 22(3): 80~82.
[22] 颜孙安, 钱爱萍, 姚清华, 等. 闽产李果实氨基酸组成及其营养分析[J]. 热带亚热带植物学报, 2012, 20(6): 571~577.
[23] 王利斌, 姜丽, 石韵, 等. 气调贮藏对四季豆生理生化特性的影响[J]. 食品科学, 2013, 34(8): 289~293.

Included in

Food Science Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.