Objective:In order to explore the effect of an external electrostatic field on the growth of ice crystals during food freezing.Methods:Based on the classic Kobayashi model of phase field method, the free energy density of electric field was introduced into the phase field model. Used the five-point difference scheme in the finite difference method to discretize the partial differential equation, the simulation and visualization of ice crystal growth were realized by programming.Results:The results showed that the simulation results were consistent with other simulation results and experimental results, and the ice crystal morphology had a typical sixfold symmetry; With the increase of electric field intensity, the growth rate of main branches and nucleation growth of ice crystals were inhibited.Conclusion:In the process of quick-frozen food preservation, adding a certain electric field strength will reduce the formation of ice crystals, and retain the quality and flavor of food as much as possible.

Publication Date


First Page


Last Page





[1] 张帅,徐乐,梁小慧,等.肉类冷冻解冻技术研究进展[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2019,10(16):5 363-5 368.ZHANG S,XU L,LIANG X H,et al.Research progress of freezing and defrosting technology of meat product[J].Journal of Food Safety and Quality,2019,10(16):5 363-5 368.
[2] 苏光明,HOSAHALLI S Ramaswamy,于勇,等.牛肉高压冷冻过程中热变化和冰晶形态研究[J].农业机械学报,2014,45(3):206-214.SU G M,HOSAHALLI S Ramaswamy,YU Y,et al.Thermal behaviors and ice crystal properties in pressure shift freezing of beef[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2014,45(3):206-214.
[3] 陈聪,杨大章,谢晶.速冻食品的冰晶形态及辅助冻结方法研究进展[J].食品与机械,2019,35(8):220-225.CHEN C,YANG D Z,XIE J.Review on ice crystal shape and assisted freezing Methods of quick-frozen food[J].Food & Machinery,2019,35(8):220-225.
[4] ORLOWSKA M,HAVET M,LE-BAIL A.Controlled ice nucleation under high voltage dc electrostatic field conditions[J].Food Research International,2009,42(7):879-884.
[5] XANTHAKIS E,HAVET M,CHEVALLIER S,et al.Effect of static electric field on ice crystal size reduction during freezing of pork meat[J].Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies,2013,20(4):115-120.
[6] 李侠,钱书意,杨方威,等.低压静电场下不同隔距冻结—解冻对牛肉品质的影响[J].农业工程学报,2017,33(8):278-285.LI X,QIAN S Y,YANG S W,et al.Effects of different gauges under low voltage electrostatic field assisting thawing-freezing on beef quality[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2017,33(8):278-285.
[7] 魏国平,冯志刚,熊双丽,等.DENBA〖WTBZ〗+[WT《Times New Roman》]静电场猪肉保鲜效果研究[J].现代食品,2019(23):99-102,105.WEI G P,FENG Z G,XIONG S L,et al.Fresh-keeping effect of ENBA〖WTBZ〗+[WT《Times New Roman》] electrostatic field on pork[J].Food Science and Technology,2019(23):99-102,105.
[8] 陈成,陈铮,杨涛,等.晶体相场模型的研究进展[J].材料导报,2012,26(9):116-119,141.CHEN C,CHEN Z,YANG T,et al.Recent developments and future directions of phase field crystal model[J].Materials Reports,2012,26(9):116-119,141.
[9] 陈梅英,王文成,陈锦权.相场法模拟冷冻浓缩过程冰晶生长的可行性探讨[J].江西农业学报,2010,22(3):137-139,145.CHEN M Y,WANG W C,CHEN J Q.Feasibility to simulate growth of ice crystals in process of frozen concentration by phase-field Model[J].Acta Agriculturae Jiangxi,2010,22(3):137-139,145.
[10] KOBAYASHI Ryo.Modeling and numerical simulations of dendritic crystal growth[J].Physica D:Nonlinear Phenomena,1993,63(3/4):410-423.
[11] WHEELER A A,MURRAY B T,SCHAEFER R J.Computation of dendrites using a phase field model[J].Physica D:Nonlinear Phenomena,1993,66(1/2):243-262.
[12] KARMA A,RAPPEL W J.Phase-field method for computationally efficient modeling of solidification with arbitrary interface kinetics[J].Physical Review E,Statistical Physics,Plasmas,Fluids,and Related Interdisciplinary Topics,1996,53(4):3 017-3 020.
[13] KIM S G,KIM W T,SUZUKI T.Phase-field model for binary alloys[J].Physical Review E,Statistical Physics,Plasmas,Fluids,and Related Interdisciplinary Topics,1999,60(6):7 186-7 197.
[14] 龙文元,蔡启舟,魏伯康,等.相场法模拟多元合金过冷熔体中的枝晶生长[J].物理学报,2006,55(3):1 341-1 345.LONG W Y,CAI Q Z,WEI B K,et al.Simulation of dendritic growth of multicomponent alloys using phase-field method[J].Acta Physica Sinica,2006,55(3):1 341-1 345.
[15] 陈梅英,陈永雪,王文成,等.冷冻浓缩过程冰晶生长的相场法模拟[J].福建农林大学学报(自然科学版),2010,39(5):548-551.CHEN M Y,CHEN Y X,WANG W C,et al.Phase-field simulation of the growth mechanism of ice crystals in the process of freeze concentration[J].Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2010,39(5):548-551.
[16] 陈梅英,冯力,欧忠辉,等.基于相场法的液态食品冷冻浓缩冰晶生长数值模拟[J].农业工程学报,2014,30(3):231-237,293.CHEN M Y,FENG L,OU Z H,et al.Numerical simulation of ice crystal growth of liquid food freeze concentration based on phase-field method[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2014,30(3):231-237,293.
[17] 陈梅英,卓艳云,冯力,等.各向异性强度对冷冻浓缩过程冰晶生长影响的相场法模拟[J].中国农业大学学报,2015,20(3):197-202.CHEN M Y,ZHUO Y Y,FENG L,et al.Phase-field simulation of ice crystal growth by anisotropy influence on freeze concentration process[J].Journal of China Agricultural University,2015,20(3):197-202.
[18] 杨燕,袁训锋,乔希民,等.食品速冻保鲜过程冰晶生长相场模拟[J].食品与机械,2018,34(12):108-114.YANG Y,YUAN X F,QIAO X M,et al.Phase-field simulation of ice crystal growth on food quick-freezing preservation process[J].Food & Machinery,2018,34(12):108-114.
[19] 韩端锋,王永魁,鞠磊,等.六角冰晶生长过程的相场模拟[J].哈尔滨工程大学学报,2019,40(9):1 537-1 542.HAN D F,WANG Y K,JU L,et al.Phase field simulation of the hexagonal ice crystal growth process[J].Journal of Harbin Engineering University,2019,40(9):1 537-1 542.
[20] 韩端锋,王永魁,鞠磊,等.海水结冰过程中冰晶生长的相场模拟[J].哈尔滨工程大学学报,2020,41(1):1-8.HAN D F,WANG Y K,JU L,et al.Phase field simulation of ice crystal growth in seawater freezing process[J].Journal of Harbin Engineering University,2020,41(1):1-8.
[21] 白旭,杨苏杰.过冷度影响海水结冰形状与速度的相场模拟[J].上海交通大学学报,2021,55(5):513-520.BAI X,YANG S J.Simulation of undercooling influence on shape and velocity of seawater freezing process using phase field method[J].Journal of Shanghai Jiao Tong University,2021,55(5):513-520.
[22] 周广钊,王永欣,刘崇,等.外电场作用下铁电畴极化反转机制的相场法模拟[J].中国科学:技术科学,2013,43(5):554-563.ZHOU G Z,WANG Y X,LIU C,et al.Phase field method simulation of ferroelectric domain polarization reversal mechanism under the action of external electric field[J].Science China Press,2013,43(5):554-563.
[23] 孙伟,徐晓斌,张宏,等.电场作用下水分子转向极化和离子扰动对生物溶液相变过程的影响[J].低温工程,2007(4):19-23.SUN W,XU X B,ZHANG H,et al.Effect of dipole polarization of water molecule and ion disturbing on phase transformation of biologic solution under electric field[J].Cryogenics,2007(4):19-23.
[24] SHAH A,HAIDER A,SHAH S K.Numerical simulation of two-dimensional dendritic growth using phase-field model[J].World Journal of Mechanics,2014,4(5):128-136.
[25] 陶乐仁,华泽钊.低温保护剂溶液结晶过程的显微实验研究[J].工程热物理学报,2001,22(4):481-484.TAO L R,HUA Z Z.A microscopic study of the crystallization in cryoprotectent agents[J].Journal of Engineering Thermophysics,2001,22(4):481-484.
[26] 陈程,陶乐仁,华泽钊.静电场对红细胞与冰晶间相互机械性作用的影响[J].低温工程,2004(5):45-49.CHEN C,TAO L R,HUA Z Z.The effect of external electric field on the mechanical interactions between ice crystals and red blood cells during freezing[J].Cryogenics,2004(5):45-49.

Included in

Food Science Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.