The punitive damages system of American food safety mainly points to the premise of subjective viciousness, the jury's discretion according to the actual loss and viciousness, and the setting of punitive damages ceiling. By observing and examining the punitive damages system for food safety in the United States, some issues in the current punitive damages system for Chinese food safety in China need to be urgently solved, such as neglecting subjective vicious evaluation, rigid calculation method of punitive damages, and excessive upper limit multiple of compensation. In this regard, we can optimize and construct the food safety punitive damages system in China from the following aspects, i.e., establishing a punitive damages subject determination system based on subjective viciousness, and elastic punitive damages amount calculation system based on the principle of loss compensation, and setting an upper limit of punitive damages amount.

Publication Date


First Page


Last Page





[1] 赵志疆.“老坛酸菜”翻车,消费者不是旁观者[N].河南日报,2022-03-25(6).ZHAO Zhi-jiang."Laotan pickled cabbage" overturned,and consumers are not onlookers[N].Henan Daily,2022-03-25(6).
[2] 黎智洪,林孝文.论我国食品安全公益诉讼制度的建立[J].食品工业科技,2013(18):26-27.LI Zhi-hong,LIN Xiao-wen.On the establishment of China's food safety public interest litigation system[J].Food Industry Science and Technology,2013(18):26-27.
[3] 张红.侵权责任之惩罚性赔偿[J].武汉大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2020(1):13.ZHANG Hong.Punitive damages for tort liability[J].Journal of Wuhan University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition),2020(1):13.
[4] 王利明.美国惩罚性赔偿制度研究[J].比较法研究,2003(5):1-15.WANG Li-ming.Research on punitive damages system in the United States[J].Comparative Law Research,2003(5):1-15.
[5] ROBE R,HAMMESFAHR M.Punitive damages:A state:By-stote guide to law and practive[M].New York:West Pub Co,2013:76.
[6] 美国法学会.侵权法重述第二版:条文部分[M].许传玺,石宏,和育东,译.北京:法律出版社,2012.American Law Society.Restatement of tort law,second edition:Articles[M].XU Chuan-xi,SHI Hong,HE Yu-dong.Beijing:Law Press,2012.
[7] 翟玉莹.《食品安全法》中惩罚性赔偿研究[D].上海:上海财经大学,2020:8.ZHAI Yu-ying.Research on punitive damages in food safety law[D].Shanghai:Shanghai University of Finance and Economics,2020:8.
[8] 董鲜涛.程序法视野下的美国惩罚性赔偿制度研究[D].济南:山东大学,2012:13.DONG Xian-tao.Research on American punitive damages system from the perspective of procedural law[D].Jinan:Shandong University,2012:13.
[9] 人民网—国际频道.美国夫妇因除草剂双双致癌孟山都被判赔超20亿美元[EB/OL].(2019-05-15)[2022-01-12].http://world.people.com.cn/n1/2019/0515/c1002-31085020.html.People's Network International Channel.Monsanto was sentenced to more than US $2 billion for causing cancer to both American couples due to herbicides[EB/OL].(2019-05-15)[2022-01-12].http://world.people.com.cn/n1/2019/0515/c1002-31085020.html.
[10] 商上.《食品安全法》惩罚性赔偿研究[D].济南:山东师范大学,2015:7.SHANG Shang.Business research on punitive damages in food safety law[D].Jinan:Shandong Normal University,2015:7.
[11] 裴宝莉.食品消费惩罚性赔偿责任的完善维度[J].食品与机械,2020,36(3):80-83,90.PEI Bao-li.Perfection dimension of punitive compensation liability for food consumption[J].Food & Machinery,2020,36(3):80-83,90.
[12] 吉丽颖.法经济学视角下中国食品安全事件的规制维度[J].食品与机械,2018,34(12):63-66.JI Li-ying.The regulatory dimension of food safety incidents in China from the perspective of law and economics[J].Food & Machinery,2018,34(12):63-66.

Included in

Food Science Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.