Based on the comparison of the five editions of the Dietary Guidelines, this article have extracted the health concepts that each edition of the dietary guidelines adheres to, including the concepts of reasonable match, energy balance and healthy weight, three reductions (reducing salt, fat and sugar) to prevent chronic non-communicable diseases, and also analyzes the updated and practical characteristics of the new edition of the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents, including the Oriental Healthy Dietary Model, knowing how to cook and choose food, and enjoying of serving chopsticks and individual serving. On these basis, the author analyzed the practice of the balanced diet model based on the Chinese Food Guide Pyramid.

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