Based on the comparison of the five editions of the Dietary Guidelines, this article have extracted the health concepts that each edition of the dietary guidelines adheres to, including the concepts of reasonable match, energy balance and healthy weight, three reductions (reducing salt, fat and sugar) to prevent chronic non-communicable diseases, and also analyzes the updated and practical characteristics of the new edition of the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents, including the Oriental Healthy Dietary Model, knowing how to cook and choose food, and enjoying of serving chopsticks and individual serving. On these basis, the author analyzed the practice of the balanced diet model based on the Chinese Food Guide Pyramid.

Publication Date


First Page


Last Page





[1] 中国营养学会.中国居民膳食指南:2022[M].北京:人民卫生出版社,2022.Chinese Nutrition Society.Dietary guidelines for Chinese residents:2022[M].Beijing:People's Medical Publishing House,2022.
[2] 陈嘉韵,李若谷,李安娜,等.上海地区素食人群ω-3脂肪酸摄入情况[J].卫生研究,2021,50(4):558-563.CHEN Jia-yun,LI Ruo-gu,LI An-na,et al.ω-Fatty acids intake level of vegetarians in Shanghai[J].Journal of Hygiene Research,2021,50(4):558-563.
[3] 李敏,杨晓光.膳食蛋白质参考摄入量研究进展[J].营养学报,2021,43(5):417-420.LI Min,YANG Xiao-guang.Research progress of dietary protein reference intake[J].Acta Nutrimenta Sinica,2021,43(5):417-420.
[4] 中国营养学会.中国居民膳食营养素参考摄入量[M].北京:科学出版社,2014:192-195.Chinese Nutrition Society.Chinese dietary reference intakes[M].Beijing:Science Press,2014:192-195.
[5] 翟凤英,何宇纳,马冠生,等.中国城乡居民食物消费现状及变化趋势[J].中华流行病学杂志,2005,26(7):485-488.ZHAI Feng-ying,HE Yu-na,MA Guan-sheng,et al.Study on the current status and trend of food consumption among Chinese population[J].Chinese Journal of Epidemiology,2005,26(7):485-488.
[6] 张宇.合理膳食应从改变膳食模式出发[J].人口与健康,2019(12):91-92.ZHANG Yu.Rational diet should start from changing the dietary pattern[J].Population and Health,2019(12):91-92.
[7] 姜红如,张伋,苏畅,等.2015年中国十五省(区、市)18~59岁成年居民烹调油和盐消费状况[J].营养学报,2018,40(1):27-31.JIANG Hong-ru,ZHANG Ji,SU Chang,et al.Cooking oil and salt consumption among Chinese adults aged 18~59 years in 2015[J].Acta Nutrimenta Sinica,2018,40(1):27-31.
[8] 程义勇,郭长江.简介《美国居民膳食指南》2020—2025[J].营养学报,2021,43(1):3-8.CHENG Yi-yong,GUO Chang-jiang.Brief introduction to dietary guidelines for American residents 2020—2025[J].Acta Nutrimenta Sinica,2021,43(1):3-8.
[9] 丁钢强,马爱国,孙长颢,等.中国居民膳食指南科学研究报告:2021[M].北京:人民卫生出版社,2021.DING Gang-qiang,MA Ai-guo,SUN Chang-hao,et al.Scientific research report on dietary guidelines for Chinese residents:2021[M].Beijing:People's Medical Publishing House,2021.
[10] 李航,董瑞.后疫情时代基于区块链技术的食品冷链物流追溯体系构建[J].食品与机械,2021,37(5):134-138.LI Hang,DONG Rui.Research on the construction of traceability system for food cold chain logistics based on blockchain technology in the post epidemic era[J].Food & Machinery,2021,37(5):134-138.
[11] 赵栋,黄李春,苏丹婷,等.2010—2012年浙江省不同经济地区60岁及以上老年人膳食结构状况分析[J].卫生研究,2018,47(1):37-40.ZHAO Dong,HUANG Li-chun,SU Dan-ting,et al.Analysis on the dietary survey results of 60 years old and over population in different economic area of Zhejiang Province in 2010—2012[J].Journal of Hygiene Research,2018,47(1):37-40.
[12] 中国营养学会.中国居民膳食指南:2016[M].北京:人民卫生出版社,2016.Chinese Nutrition Society.Dietary guidelines for Chinese residents:2016[M].Beijing:Peopleʼs Medical Publishing House,2016.
[13] 国家卫健委疾病顶防控制局.中国居民营养与慢性病状况报告:2020年[M].北京:人民卫生出版社,2020:124-127.Bureau of Disease Control and Prevention,National Health Commission.Report on Chinese residents & apos;nutrition and chronic diseases(2020)[M].Beijing:People's Medical Publishing House,2020:124-127.
[14] 刘越,耿延敏,朱亚成.中国《居民膳食指南》演变及启示[J].四川体育科学,2017,36(4):21-25.LIU Yue,GENG Yan-min,ZHU Ya-cheng.Chinese<Dietary Guideline for Residents>evolution and enlightenments[J].Sichuan Sports Science,2017,36(4):21-25.
[15] 张滨.食品营养标签标示错误与惩罚性赔偿适用[D].绵阳:西南科技大学,2021:1,19.ZHANG Bin.Food nutrition label label error and punitive compensation application[D].Mianyang:Southwest University of Science and Technology,2021:1,19.
[16] 彭姝.关于食品营养标签的解读与应用分析[J].食品界,2021(4):114-115.PENG Shu.Interpretation and application analysis of food nutrition fact label[J].Food Industry,2021(4):114-115.
[17] 秦海霞.素食对糖尿病的影响及机制探讨[J].现代食品,2021(15):96-98.QIN Hai-xia.Effect and mechanism of vegetarian diet on diabetes[J].Xiandaishipin,2021(15):96-98.
[18] FERRARO P M,BARGAGLI M,TRINCHIERI A,et al.Risk of kidney stones:Influence of dietary factors,dietary patterns,and vegetarian-vegan diets[J].Nutrients,2020,12(3):779.
[19] 姚歆远,瞿蕾,崔雪莹,等.上海市282名素食者蛋白质营养状况及其食物来源研究[J].营养学报,2020,42(6):557-562.YAO Xin-yuan,QU Lei,CUI Xue-ying,et al.Protein nutritional status and food sources of 282 vegetarians in Shanghai[J].Acta Nutrimenta Sinica,2020,42(6):557-562.
[20] 刘彤.树立“大食物观”做强大食业[N].中国食品报,2022-03-10(1).LIU Tong.Establish the "big food concept" and develop a strong food industry[N].China Food Newspaper,2022-03-10(1).
[21] 吴静一,陈梦,公维贵.光盘行动难以践行的原因及其解决对策[J].中国校外教育.2017(17):5-7.WU Jing-yi,CHEN Meng,GONG Wei-gui.The reasons whyempty-dish operation is difficult to practice and the countermeasures[J].Afterschool Education in China,2017(17):5-7.
[22] 央视网.触目惊心!全球每年约有三分之一粮食被浪费总量约13亿吨[EB/OL].(2020-08-21)[2022-05-10].https://news.cctv.com/2020/08/21/ARTItAgmkxmA5S6bQYMlTNzK200821.shtml.CCTV.com.Astonishing! About one third of the world's grain is wasted every year,with a total volume of about 1.3 billion tons[EB/OL].(2020-08-21)[2022-05-10].https://news.cctv.com/2020/08/21/ARTItAgmkxmA5S6bQYMlTNzK200821.shtml.
[23] 贺枝,刘芳超,李建新,等.中国农村地区高血压患者果蔬摄入对血压进展的影响研究[J].中华疾病控制杂志,2021,25(3):276-283.HE Zhi,LIU Fang-chao,LI Jian-xin,et al.Influence of fruit and vegetable consumption on blood pressure progression among hypertensive patients in rural China[J].Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention,2021,25(3):276-283.
[24] 苏畅,王志宏,贾小芳,等.2015年中国十五省(区、市)18~59岁居民水产品类食物摄入状况分析[J].营养学报,2018,40(1):23-26.SU Chang,WANG Zhi-hong,JIA Xiao-fang,et al.An analysis on marine food consumption among Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years old in 15 provinces in 2015[J].Acta Nutrimenta Sinica,2018,40(1):23-26.
[25] 关方旭,杜文雯,张继国,等.水产品摄入水平关联的血清代谢物研究[J/OL].营养学报.[2022-05-10].https://doi.org/10.13325/j.cnki.acta.nutr.sin.20220415.001.GUAN Fang-xu,DU Wen-wen,ZHANG Ji-guo,et al.Study on serum metabolite associated with aquatic product consumption level[J/OL].Acta Nutrimenta Sinica.[2022-05-10].https://doi.org/10.13325/j.cnki.acta.nutr.sin.20220415.001.
[26] 王云云.青岛成年居民奶及奶制品摄入与2型糖尿病的关联研究[D].青岛:青岛大学,2021:I.WANG Yun-yun.Aassociation between dairy consumption and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults in Qingdao[D].Qingdao:Qingdao University,2021:I.
[27] 刘开琦,董奎,宋鹏坤,等.2002—2015年山西省农村地区15岁及以上居民奶类、大豆类及坚果摄入状况追踪研究[J].中国慢性病预防与控制,2021,29(6):409-415.LIU Kai-qi,DONE Kui,SONG Peng-kun,et al.A follow-up study on the intake of milk,legume and nuts in rural residents(≥15 years old)of Shanxi Province from 2002 to 2015[J].Chinese Journal of Prevention and Chronic Disease,2021,29(6):409-415.
[28] 苏畅,张兵,王惠君,等.2015年中国15省(自治区、直辖市)45岁及以上居民饮奶状况及其对膳食钙摄入的影响[J].卫生研究,2018,47(2):194-198.SU Chang,ZHANG Bing,WANG Hui-jun,et al.Milk consumption and effects on dietary calcium among Chinese aged 45 and above in 15 provinces[J].Journal of Hygiene Research,2018,47(2):194-198.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.