This review summarized the domestic and abroad research progress of Zizania latifolia in recent years, from the aspects of its nutritional components, health effects, bioactive mechanisms and future research priorities. Moreover, the further research, development and comprehensive utilization of Z. latifolia were also prospected.

Publication Date


First Page


Last Page





[1] 濮思源, 陈睿, 朱霞, 等. 菰营养成分及保健功能研究最新进展[J]. 园艺与种苗, 2021, 41(5): 39-43.
[2] YAN N, DU Y M, LIU X M, et al. Morphological characteristics, nutrients, and bioactive compounds of Zizania latifolia, and health benefits of its seeds[J]. Molecules, 2018, 23(7): 1 561.
[3] YU X T, CHU M J, CHU C, et al. Wild rice (Zizania spp.): A review of its nutritional constituents, phytochemicals, antioxidant activities, and health-promoting effects[J]. Food Chemistry, 2020, 331: 127293.
[4] PRZYBYLSKI R, KLENSPORF PAWLIK D, ANWAR F, et al. Lipid components of North American wild rice (Zizania palustris)[J]. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 2009, 86(6): 553-559.
[5] 金增辉. 菰米的营养化学与开发利用[J]. 粮食加工, 2016, 41(1): 58-61.
[6] ANWAR F, ZENGIN G, ALKHARFY K M, et al. Wild rice (Zizania sp.): A potential source of valuable ingredients for nutraceuticals and functional foods[J]. Rivista Italiana Delle Sostanze Grasse, 2017, 94(2): 81-89.
[7] ZHANG H, ZHAI C K. Effects of Chinese and North American wild rice on blood lipids, oxidative stress, and inflammation factors in hyperlipidemic rats[J]. Cereal Chemistry, 2016, 93(4): 357-363.
[8] WANG L F, WANG Y J, PORTER R. Structures and physicochemical properties of six wild rice starches[J]. Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry, 2002, 50(9): 2 695-2 699.
[9] ZHAI C K, LU C M, ZHANG X Q, et al. Comparative study on nutritional value of Chinese and North American wild rice[J]. Journal of food composition and analysis, 2001, 14(4): 371-382.
[10] AMAGLIANI L, O'REGAN J, KELLY A L, et al. The composition, extraction, functionality and applications of rice proteins: A review[J]. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 2017, 64: 1-12.
[11] SHAH R H, BALOCH M S, ZUBAIR M, et al. Phytotoxic effect of aqueous extracts of different plant parts of milkweed on weeds and growth and yield of wheat[J]. Planta Daninha, 2017, 35: 1-13.
[12] EL-HAMDI K H, AHMED A R, EL-AZZONY N. Effect of compost, nitrogen and micronutrient compounds on nitrogen uptake, yield and yield components of wheat[J]. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering, 2012, 3(11): 1 043-1 056.
[13] VILMANE L, ZUTE S, STRAUMTE E, et al. Protein, amino acid and gluten content in oat (Avena sativa L.) grown in Latvia[J]. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences Section B: Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences, 2015, 69(4): 170-177.
[14] BANWO K, OYEYIPO A, MISHRA L, et al. Improving phenolic bioactive-linked functional qualities of traditional cereal-based fermented food of Nigeria using compatible food synergies with underutilized edible plants[J]. NFS Journal, 2022, 27: 1-12.
[15] MARINANGELI C P, HOUSE J D. Potential impact of the digestible indispensable amino acid score as a measure of protein quality on dietary regulations and health[J]. Nutrition Reviews, 2017, 75(8): 658-667.
[16] CHAGWENA D T, MATANHIRE G T, JOMBO T Z, et al. Protein quality of commonly consumed edible insects in Zimbabwe[J]. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 2019, 19(3): 14 674-14 689.
[17] UMAR M A, UGONOR R, AKIN-OSANAIYE C B, et al. Evaluation of nutritional value of wild rice from Kaduna State, Central Nigeria[J]. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 2013, 2(7): 140-147.
[18] BLACHIER F, ANDRIAMIHAJA M, BLAIS A. Sulfur-containing amino acids and lipid metabolism[J]. The Journal of Nutrition, 2020, 150(S1): 2 524S-2 531S.
[19] STIPANUK M H. Metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids: how the body copes with excess methionine, cysteine, and sulfide[J]. The Journal of Nutrition, 2020, 150(Supplement 1): 2 494S-2 505S.
[20] KOURIMSK L, SABOLOV M, HORCICKA P, et al. Lipid content, fatty acid profile, and nutritional value of new oat cultivars[J]. Journal of Cereal Science, 2018, 84: 44-48.
[21] GUO T L, HORVATH C, CHEN L, et al. Understanding the nutrient composition and nutritional functions of highland barley (Qingke): A review[J]. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 2020, 103: 109-117.
[22] KAN A. Characterization of the fatty acid and mineral compositions of selected cereal cultivars from Turkey[J]. Records of Natural Products, 2015, 9(1): 124-134.
[23] AIZAWA O, SAITO Y, NISHI S, et al. Properties of the lipids and polyphenols in wild rice (Zizania palustris L.,) seeds[J]. Res Bull Obihiro University, 2007, 28: 28-34.
[24] JIANG H F, QIN X F, WANG Q, et al. Application of carbohydrates in approved small molecule drugs: A review[J]. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2021, 223: 113633.
[25] SURENDIRAN G, ALSAIF M, KAPOURCHALI F R, et al. Nutritional constituents and health benefits of wild rice (Zizania spp.)[J]. Nutrition reviews, 2014, 72(4): 227-236.
[26] CARCEA M. Value of whole grain rice in a healthy human nutrition[J]. Agriculture, 2021, 11(8): 720.
[27] SURENDIRAN G, GOH C, LE K, et al. Wild rice (Zizania palustris L.) prevents atherogenesis in LDL receptor knockout mice[J]. Atherosclerosis, 2013, 230(2): 284-292.
[28] CHAKRABORTY I, GOVINDARAJU I, RONGPIPI S, et al. Effects of hydrothermal treatments on physicochemical properties and in vitro digestion of starch[J]. Food Biophysics, 2021, 16(4): 544-554.
[29] HAN X Q, ZHANG M W, ZHANG R F, et al. Physicochemical interactions between rice starch and different polyphenols and structural characterization of their complexes[J]. LWT, 2020, 125: 109227.
[30] OKUR I, SEZER P, OZTOP M H, et al. Recent advances in gelatinisation and retrogradation of starch by high hydrostatic pressure[J]. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 2021, 56(9): 4 367-4 375.
[31] KLENSPORF-PAWLIK D, ALADEDUNYE F. Gluten-free ancient grains[M]. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2017: 271-296.
[32] OLUWAJUYITAN T D, IJAROTIMI O S, FAGBEMI T N, et al. Blood glucose lowering, glycaemic index, carbohydrate-hydrolysing enzyme inhibitory activities of potential functional food from plantain, soy-cake, rice-bran and oat-bran flour blends[J]. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization, 2021, 15(4): 3 761-3 769.
[33] ZHANG H, LIU Y, ZHAO J H, et al. Determination of the glycemic index of the wild rice and the effects of wild rice on insulin resistance in rats[J]. Journal of hygiene research, 2015, 44(2): 173-178.
[34] AUGUSTIN L S, KENDALL C W, JENKINS D J, et al. Glycemic index, glycemic load and glycemic response: An international scientific consensus summit from the international carbohydrate quality consortium (ICQC)[J]. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 2015, 25(9): 795-815.
[35] SALEHI B, QUISPE C, SHARIFI-RAD J, et al. Phytosterols: From preclinical evidence to potential clinical applications[J]. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2021, 11: 1 819.
[36] CHAUDHARI P R, TAMRAKAR N, SINGH L, et al. Rice nutritional and medicinal properties: A review article[J]. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 2018, 7(2): 150-156.
[37] SUMCZYNSKI D, KOUBOV E, ENKROV L, et al. Rice flakes produced from commercial wild rice: Chemical compositions, vitamin B compounds, mineral and trace element contents and their dietary intake evaluation[J]. Food Chemistry, 2018, 264: 386-392.
[38] SUMCZYNSKI D, KOTSKOV E, ORSAVOV J, et al. Contribution of individual phenolics to antioxidant activity and in vitro digestibility of wild rices (Zizania aquatica L.)[J]. Food Chemistry, 2017, 218: 107-115.
[39] POLONSKIY V, LOSKUTOV I, SUMINA A. Biological role and health benefits of antioxidant compounds in cereals[J]. Biological Communications, 2020, 65(1): 53-67.
[40] PANZELLA L, MOCCIA F, NASTI R, et al. Bioactive phenolic compounds from agri-food wastes: an update on green and sustainable extraction methodologies[J]. Frontiers in Nutrition, 2020, 7: 60.
[41] QIU Y, LIU Q, BETA T. Antioxidant properties of commercial wild rice and analysis of soluble and insoluble phenolic acids[J]. Food Chemistry, 2010, 121(1): 140-147.
[42] ALVES G H, FERREIRA C D, VIVIAN P G, et al. The revisited levels of free and bound phenolics in rice: Effects of the extraction procedure[J]. Food Chemistry, 2016, 208: 116-123.
[43] 高琨, 姜平, 谭斌, 等. 稻米及其加工副产物米糠中γ-谷维素研究现状[J]. 粮油食品科技, 2021, 29(5): 91-98.
[44] IGOR M, FABIANE F, CAMILA C, et al. Antioxidant activity of γ-oryzanol: A complex network of interactions[J]. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2016, 17(8): 1 107.
[45] LI D M, ZHANG J H, FAIZA M, et al. The enhancement of rice bran oil quality through a novel moderate biorefining process[J]. LWT, 2021, 151: 112118.
[46] AGUILAR-GARCIA C, GAVINO G, BARAGAO-MOSQUEDA M, et al. Correlation of tocopherol, tocotrienol, γ-oryzanol and total polyphenol content in rice bran with different antioxidant capacity assays[J]. Food Chemistry, 2007, 102(4): 1 228-1 232.
[47] PUNIA S, KUMAR M, SIROHA A K, et al. Rice bran oil: Emerging trends in extraction, health benefit, and its industrial application[J]. Rice Science, 2021, 28(3): 217-232.
[48] CHIOU S Y, LAI J Y, LIAO J A, et al. In vitro inhibition of lipase, α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and angiotensin-converting enzyme by defatted rice bran extracts of red-pericarp rice mutant[J]. Cereal Chemistry, 2018, 95(1): 167-176.
[49] CHU M J, DU Y M, LIU X M, et al. Extraction of proanthocyanidins from Chinese wild rice (Zizania latifolia) and analyses of structural composition and potential bioactivities of different fractions[J]. Molecules, 2019, 24(9): 1 681.
[50] TAKESHITA R, SAIGUSA N, TERAMOTO Y. Production and antioxidant activity of alcoholic beverages made from various cereal grains using Monascus purpureus NBRC 5965[J]. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 2016, 122(2): 350-354.
[51] 肖素军, 赵明. 动脉粥样硬化与免疫[J]. 中国动脉硬化杂志, 2022, 30(4): 277-286.
[52] XU J W, WANG W Q, ZHAO Y. Phenolic compounds in whole grain sorghum and their health benefits[J]. Foods, 2021, 10(8): 1 921.
[53] POLITO R, COSTABILE G, NIGRO E, et al. Nutritional factors influencing plasma adiponectin levels: Results from a randomised controlled study with whole-grain cereals[J]. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2020, 71(4): 509-515.
[54] SEAL C J, COURTIN C M, VENEMA K, et al. Health benefits of whole grain: Effects on dietary carbohydrate quality, the gut microbiome, and consequences of processing[J]. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 2021, 20(3): 2 742-2 768.
[55] MOGHADASIAN M H, KAUR R, KOSTAL K, et al. Anti-atherosclerotic properties of wild rice in low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout mice: The gut microbiome, cytokines, and metabolomics study[J]. Nutrients, 2019, 11(12): 2 894.
[56] YARIBEYGI H, FARROKHI F R, BUTLER A E, et al. Insulin resistance: Review of the underlying molecular mechanisms[J]. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 2019, 234(6): 8 152-8 161.
[57] JIANG M X, ZHAI L J, YANG H, et al. Analysis of active components and proteomics of Chinese wild rice (Zizania latifolia (Griseb) Turcz) and Indica Rice (Nagina22)[J]. Journal of Medicinal Food, 2016, 19(8): 798-804.
[58] 韩淑芬, 刘亚琪, 张红, 等. 中国菰米对高脂膳食诱导大鼠胰岛素抵抗机制的研究[J]. 营养学报, 2012, 34(5): 449-453.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.